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Blended Model Type

Blended learning classrooms employ different structural models to integrate in-person and online learning components. The Christensen Institute has developed a taxonomy to describe these models.

According to the Christensen Institute, the majority of blended learning programs resemble one of four models: Rotation, Flex, A La Carte, and Enriched Virtual. Read more about each model below. 

Note, you can also search for additional schools using each model nationally in the Blended Learning Universe, an effort from the Christensen Institute to connect blended learning practitioners across the world. To add your blended school or district to the directory, you can join here.

Christensen Institute's Blended Learning Model Taxonomy
Rotation model — a course or subject in which students rotate on a fixed schedule or at the teacher’s discretion between learning modalities, at least one of which is online learning.
  • Station Rotation — a course or subject in which students experience the Rotation model within a contained classroom or group of classrooms.
  • Lab Rotation – a course or subject in which students rotate to a computer lab for the online-learning station.
  • Flipped Classroom – a course or subject in which students participate in online learning off-site in place of traditional homework and then attend the brick-and-mortar school for face-to-face, teacher-guided practice or projects.
  • Individual rotation- a course or subject in which each student has an individualized playlist and does not necessarily rotate to each available station or modality.
Flex model — a course or subject in which online learning is the backbone of student learning, even if it directs students to offline activities at times. Students move on an individually customized, fluid schedule among learning modalities. The teacher of record is on-site.
A La Carte model — a course that a student takes entirely online to accompany other experiences that the student is having at a brick-and-mortar school or learning center.
Enriched Virtual model — a course or subject in which students have required face-to-face learning sessions with their teacher of record and then are free to complete their remaining coursework remote from the face-to-face teacher.

Blended Model Type Strategies in Action

Photo of teacher and student working one on one with laptops

Pleasant View Elementary School

Pleasant View Primary Blended Learning Model Type: Individual Rotation

Photo of teacher standing and speaking with individual student seated at desk

Lindsay High School

Lindsay High School Primary Model Type: Individual Rotation

Photo of students and teacher in classroom with one student raising her hand

LPS Richmond

LPS Richmond Blended Learning Model Type: Flex

Photo of teacher and student working one-to-one

Roots Elementary

Roots’s Primary Blended Model Type: Individual Rotation

Photo of teacher in classroom where students are working in small groups and on devices

ReNEW DTA Academy

ReNEW DTA’s Primary Blended Model Type: Flex Model

Diagram of classroom individual rotation stations

CICS West Belden

CICS Primary Blended Model Type: Individual Rotation

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Photo of open classroom with students seated in different areas
Flexible Use of Space

Pleasant View Elementary uses both classroom and central common spaces to...

Poster defining four life skills levels
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